|Economically Active Population
||refers to the population aged 16 and over
who are capable to work, are participating in or willing
to participate in economic activities, including employed
persons and unemployed persons.
||refer to the persons who are engaged in
social working and receive remuneration payment or earn
business income, including total staff and workers,
re-employed retirees, employers of private enterprises,
self-employed workers, employees in private enterprises
and individual economy, employees in township enterprises,
employed persons in the rural areas, and other employed
persons (including teachers in the schools run by the
local people, people engaged in religious profession
and the servicemen, etc.). This indicator reflects the
actual utilization of total labour force during a certain
period of time and is often used for the research on
China's economic situation and national power.
|Persons Employed in Various Units
||refer to all the persons working in government
agencies of various levels, political and party organizations,
social organizations, enterprises and institutions,
and receiving wages or other forms of payment. They
include fully-employed staff and workers, re-employed
retirees, teachers in schools run by the local people,
foreigners and Chinese compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao,
and Taiwan working in various units, part-time employees,
employees of other units working temporarily at current
posts, and employees holding the second job, but exclude
staff and workers who have left their working units
while keeping their labour contract (employment relation)
unchanged. This indicator reflects the total number
of laborers actually engaged in production or other
operations in various units.
|Persons Employed in Private Enterprises and Self-Employed
Individuals in Urban Areas
||Persons employed in private enterprises
refer to the persons employed in the private enterprises
which have been registered at the departments of industrial
and commercial administration and are situated at a
county town (i.e. a town where the county government
is located) for business operation or at urban areas
with the level higher than a county town. The self-employed
individuals in urban areas refer to persons who hold
the certificates of residence in urban areas or have
resided in the urban areas for a long time and have
been registered at the departments of industrial and
commercial administration and approved to be engaged
in individual industrial or commercial business, including
self-employed persons as well as helpers and hired labourers
who work in the individual households engaged in industrial
or commercial business.
|Registered Urban Unemployed Persons
||The registered unemployed persons in urban
areas refer to the persons who are registered as permanent
residents in the urban areas engaged in non-agricultural
activities, aged within the range of working age, capable
to labour, unemployed but desirous to be employed and
have been registered at the local employment service
agencies to apply for a job.
|Registered Urban Unemployment Rate
||Registered unemployment rate in urban
areas refers to the ratio of the number of the registered
unemployed persons to the sum of the number of employed
persons and the registered unemployed persons . The
formula is as follows:|
Registered urban unemployment rate = number of registered
urban unemployed personsí┬(number of urban employed persons
+ number of registered urban unemployed persons) í┴ 100%.
|Staff and Workers
||refer to the persons who work in (and
receive payment therefrom) enterprises and institutions
of state ownership, collective ownership, joint ownership,
share holding, foreign ownership, and ownership by entrepreneurs
from Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan, and other types of
ownership and their affiliated units, excluding the
retired persons invited to work in the units again,
teachers in the schools run by the local people and
foreigners and persons coming from Hong Kong, Macao
and Taiwan and working in the state-owned economic units.
(Number of staff and workers in this yearbook include
only fully employed staff and workers, excluding those
who have left their working units while keeping their
labor contract/employment relation unchanged).
|Staff and Workers in State-owned Economic Units
||refer to the persons who work in the state-owned
economic units or their attached units and are listed
in their payrolls.
|Staff and Workers of Collective Owned Units in
||refer to the persons who work in collective
owned units in urban areas and their administration
departments and receive payment therefrom.
|Staff and Workers in Units of Other types of Ownership
||refer to those who work in (and receive
payment therefrom) enterprises and institutions of joint
ownership, share holding, foreign ownership, and ownership
by entrepreneurs from Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan.
|Fully Employed Staff and Workers
||refer to persons who work in, and receive
wages from their working units, as well as persons who
have their work posts, but are temporarily absent from
work for reasons of study or on sick, injury or maternal
leave and still receive wages from their working units.
|Total Wages of Staff and Workers
||refer to the total remuneration payment
to staff and workers in various units during a certain
period of time. The calculation of total wages is based
on the total remuneration payment to the staff and workers.
Therefore, all the wages and salaries and other payments
to staff and workers are included in the total wages
regardless of their sources, category, and forms (in
kind or cash). (Total wages of staff and workers in
this yearbook include only total wages of fully employed
staff and workers, excluding the living allowances distributed
to those who have left their working units while keeping
their labour contract/employment relation unchanged).
|Average Wage of Staff and Workers
||refers to the average wage in money terms
per person during a certain period of time for staff
and workers in enterprises, institutions, and government
agencies, which reflects the general level of wage income
during a certain period of time and is calculated as
Average Wage of Staff and Workers = Total Wages of Staff
and Workers in Reference Period/Average Number of Staff
and Workers in Reference Period.
|Average Real Wage of Staff and Workers
||refers to average wage of staff and workers
after removing the effects of price changes, which is
calculated as follows:|
Average Real Wage of Staff and Workers =Average Wage
of Staff and Workers in Reference Period.
refers to the persons who are engaged in special professional
work or in professional management who got the titles
of a professional post before 1983 or who were appointed
to professional positions since 1984.
Professional personnel specifically refers to engineering
professionals, agricultural professionals, scientific
research professionals (natural science researchers,
social science researchers and laboratory technicians),
health professionals, teaching professionals (including
institutions of higher education, specialized secondary
schools, technical schools, regular secondary schools,
and primary schools), civil aviation professionals,
nautical professionals, economic professionals, accounting
professionals, statistical professionals, interpretation
professionals, library professionals, archives professionals,
professionals of culture, arts and cultural relics,
newsman and publishing professionals, lawyers, notary
professionals, radio and television announcers, industrial
arts professionals, sports professionals, artists
and political professionals.
Professional management personnel specifically refers
to the managers of enterprises and institutions, the
personnel engaged in the management of production,
techniques, economic and political aspects in the
functional departments under the enterprise and institution,
production workshops and accessorial workshops (or
accessorial production units) under the enterprises.
Professional personnel excluded the personnel managed
by or according to the system of civil servants.